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PostgreSQL vs MongoDB: Which Database Should You Choose?

In PostgreSQL, you can define relationships between tables using foreign keys. Using this system, you can perform complicated joins and form relationships between tables. This function is especially useful when you query data across multiple tables, using the relationships you define to connect data sets.

The query Q7ii performs the same functionality as Q7i and returns the haversine distance for different amount of vessels and timestamps inside three different geographical polygons. On the other hand Q8ii returns the average speed for different amount of vessels and timestamps inside three different geographical polygons. PostgreSQL outperforms MongoDB while bigger fluctuations are presented as the sample grows. The set of queries Q7 and Q8 is not performed for all the values of vessels and timestamps.

MongoDB Vs PostgreSQL: A comparative study on performance aspects

Partitioning and sharding are essentially about breaking up large datasets into smaller subsets. Sharding implies that the data is stored across multiple computers while partitioning groups this data within a single database instance. A foreign key is simply a set of attributes in a table that refers to the primary key of another table. MongoDB has a document model, making collaboration and development easier and faster to implement. MongoDB also provides you with the option of schema validation to enforce data governance controls over every collection. Quite often, at the beginning of a development project, project leaders have a good grasp of the use case but don’t have clarity regarding the specific application features their users and business would need.

postgresql vs mongodb scalability

MongoDB supports distributed transactions, which means multi-document transactions and sharded clusters can be easily performed on replica sets. From the programmer perspective, transactions in MongoDB feel just like transactions developers are already familiar with in PostgreSQL. MongoDB uses BSON (Binary JSON) and MQL, an alternative language to SQL. BSON allows for certain data types that are not used with regular JSON, such as long, floating-point, and date. MQL too offers similar features as SQL with some additional capabilities. This flexibility of document-based MongoDB helps database developers to collect and store data from diverse sources.

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The relational database has driven operations in Instagram, Foursquare, and Twitch. Document databases, like MongoDB, support horizontal scaling through sharding to help handle large datasets and high traffic. The query finds the coordinates of vessels for different amount of timestamps inside the intersection of three different groups of polygons. Only in this case, the average response time is smaller in case of MongoDB and in some cases reduced at half comparing to PostgreSQL. For our point of view, the reason might be that intersection in MongoDB which is achieved by an aggregation of two match operations is more efficient than in PostgreSQL.

  • Both MongoDB and PostgreSQL have their own set of features and challenges.
  • The table that is divided is called the partitioned table, the specification consists of the partitioning method, and the list of columns or expressions to be used is called the partition key.
  • In the competitive field of Data Analytics, offering efficient products and services and having a majority customer share in the market does help determine the profit of the company.
  • PostgreSQL’s design principles emphasize SQL and relational tables and allow extensibility.
  • I then shift the focus to PostgreSQL, which is an open-source database that has a vast ecosystem with many companies that develop solutions for PostgreSQL.

This also means that a database can also be scaled as much as the machine it is running on. PostgreSQL follows the ACID properties of atomicity, postgresql vs mongodb scalability consistency, isolation, and durability. ACID principles enable PostgreSQL for storing data and running critical transactions safely.

PostgreSQL vs MongoDB: Which Database Should You Choose?

Thus, MongoDB is quite useful in cases where you want to store documents within a flexible data field. On the other hand, the data structure of MongoDB doesn’t need to be planned out in advance as it essentially deals with unstructured data. Write-ahead logs enable sharing the changes made with the replica nodes, hence making asynchronous replication possible. Other kinds of replications include logical replication, streaming replication, and physical replication. BSON skips the keys that aren’t useful for the query, thus making it faster to retrieve data. A user could further define the document’s structure and undertake some development by introducing new fields, reworking data, or developing it whenever they see fit.

postgresql vs mongodb scalability

Idiomatic drivers are available for more than a dozen languages, but the MongoDB community has contributed plenty of others. You can take advantage of real-time aggregation, ad-hoc queries, and rich indexing to give powerful programmatic ways to access and examine data of all structure types. MongoDB’s architecture uses documents, which are the same as records in relational databases but can hold more complex and varied structures.

MongoDB vs PostgreSQL: Architecture

These sets allow you to record and replay processes on an as-required basis. MongoDB uses synchronous replication, which involves multiple repositories or systems that update at the same time. MongoDB is a document database and uses BSON for processing its data whereas PostgreSQL is a relational database that uses traditional SQL for its processing. Hevo Data, a No-code Data Pipeline helps to load data from any data source such as Databases, SaaS applications, Cloud Storage, SDK,s, and Streaming Services and simplifies the ETL process.

postgresql vs mongodb scalability

As you can see from the above MongoDB vs PostgreSQL comparison, both databases have lots to recommend them. This post isn’t about picking one or either apart — our aim is to help you get a firm grasp of each database’s character and understand which use cases both databases serve best. It’s also common that Postgres and MongoDB co-exist inside an organization. And if you want to manage the database development lifecycle for both of them, check out Bytebase. On the other hand, MQL (MongoDB Query Language) is less powerful than SQL in handling complex queries.

Database as Code – the Good, the Bad and the Ugly

However, for complex queries involving multiple tables, PostgreSQL’s query optimizer can provide better performance by selecting the most efficient query execution plan. PostgreSQL supports several procedural languages, including PL/pgSQL (a PostgreSQL-specific language similar to SQL), PL/Python, PL/Perl, and PL/Java. These languages allow you to write stored procedures and trigger in your language of choice. Indexing is creating data structures that allow for quick and efficient data retrieval. Both MongoDB and PostgreSQL support indexing, but they do it differently.

postgresql vs mongodb scalability

Postgres is an open-source, object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) well known for its robustness and flexibility. It is widely used for large-scale applications due to its features, such as ACID compliance, foreign key constraints, triggers, and stored procedures. It is a powerful and versatile tool that can be used to develop reliable, secure, and high-performing solutions. Choosing between MongoDB and PostgreSQL depends on the specific needs of the project.

MongoDB vs PostgreSQL: Syntax

With the data storage flexibility in MongoDB, you can store unstructured, evolving, and dynamic data. PostgreSQL uses the relational database model that depends on storing data within tables and utilizing the structured query language (SQL) for database access. It has a large object facility, which provides stream-style access to user data that is stored in a special large-object structure.
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